Sahtu Dene and Metis Comprehensive Land Claims Agreement

The Sahtu land claim map includes several boundary layers: the boundary that defines the area as a whole and is designated in the land claim as settlement land; Boundaries that identify three districts in the region; five municipal boundaries; and outside municipalities, many boundaries that define federal, territorial and Aboriginal land titles. The Sahtu Dene and Métis received a tax-free payment of $75 million (1990 dollars) over a 15-year period. Under the terms of the agreement, you will receive a share of annual resource revenues from the Mackenzie Valley development, including a share of Norman Wells` oil and gas royalties. The Sahtu Dene Council must be consulted before the land is opened for oil or gas exploration, development or production. and before mineral exploration takes place that requires a land use permit or water permit. Differences between the Dene and the Government`s interpretation of Treaty 11 emerged in the late 1960s when a gas pipeline through the Mackenzie Valley was first proposed. In 1966, the Indian Brotherhood of the Northwest Territories launched an oral history project to determine dene understanding of the Treaty 11 process. On March 24, 1973, sixteen Dene Chiefs made a legal claim of interest in an area of more than one million square kilometres and made a reservation for registration under the Land Titles Act. Nearly six months later, Justice William G. Morrow concluded that the Dene did have Indigenous rights in the area. This warning meant that no development could continue until land title had been determined. The agreement provides for the negotiation of community self-government agreements, which will be implemented through federal and territorial legislation.

The Sahtu communities are Fort Good Hope, Norman Wells, Tulita, Délįnę and Colville Lake. All municipalities are currently involved in self-government negotiation processes with Canada and the GNWT. People were afraid to take the contract because they didn`t know what was going to happen. The contracting party could not just come to the city and say, „Here we give them the money for nothing.“ The Indians thought that the whites would take control of something, that the whites would not give the money for nothing. You have to buy something, either the land or the people. That is how the Indians felt. So they kept asking white people what the money was for. They said, „You just can`t give us the money for free. It must mean something… The whites continued to annoy the people for the treaty. They told me, „You have to take a contract.“ People said no.

So everyone went home. The next day, it was the same again. They talked all day about taking the contract. They tried to force the people to accept the treaty. However, people did not want it to keep the environmental impact of a pipeline at an acceptable level, if its construction and operation were done only under careful planning and strict regulation. The corridor should be based on a comprehensive plan that takes into account the many land use conflicts that still occur in the region today. CONSIDERING that slaves, hares and mountain Dene in the Sahtu region have traditionally used and occupied land in the Northwest Territories since time immemorial; THE ISS also participates in the implementation of the agreement by appointing the board members of the implementing bodies and managing the payment of capital through the Sahtu Trust. The ISS plays a coordinating role in activities involving other designated sahtu organizations and ensures that government, industry and the public are informed of the functions of the various implementing bodies, such as . B access to land. He sits on the Tripartite Implementation Committee responsible for monitoring the implementation of the SDMCLCA. The federal government, signed in 1944, granted Imperial Oil the exclusive right to drill and produce oil and gas in the region for three consecutive 21-year terms. This Agreement shall be in force until 2008.

The land claim is a struggle for self-determination with our own system, with which we have survived so far. This system is based on community life. Whether it`s a colony or a trap camp, whether people live working in a wage-earned economy or outside the country, the laws we obey affect everyone, so as not to favor a few at the expense of others. In July 1993, the Sahtu Dene and Métis voted to adopt the Sahtu Dene and Métis Comprehensive Land Claims Agreement (SDMCLCA). Following ratification by the Sahtu Dene and Métis and approval by the Government of Canada and the Government of the Northwest Territories, the agreement was ratified on June 6. It was signed in Tulita in 1993. The Sahtu Dene and Métis Land Claims Settlement Act came into force on June 23, 1994. Under the agreement, the Sahtu Dene and Métis were granted ownership of 41,437 square kilometres of land in the Northwest Territories (NWT), an area slightly larger than Vancouver Island. Included in this sum, the Sahtu also own 1,813 square kilometers of subsoil, including mines and minerals that can be found in, on or under these countries. The Sahtu have the right to harvest all kinds of wild animals and the exclusive right to harvest fur bearers throughout the Sahtu Settlement Area (SSA).

The Sahtu have ensured their participation in public government institutions responsible for the management of renewable resources, land use planning and land and water use in the settlement area, and the assessment and review of the environmental impact in the Mackenzie Valley […].