The two sides agreed to continue negotiations with a view to reaching agreement on maritime and related issues. They believed that such an agreement would be a positive step towards facilitating the expansion of trade between the United States and the Soviet Union. The two sides agreed to launch a cooperation program to protect and improve the human environment. Through joint research and action, the United States and the USSR hope to contribute to maintaining a healthy environment in their countries and around the world. Under the new environmental cooperation agreement, consultations on specific cooperation projects will take place in Moscow in the near future. The SALT 1 agreement was to last five years, so the SALT 2 talks began in November 1972. On the basis of their obligations under the Charter of the United Nations on peacekeeping, the renunciation of the threat or use of force and the prevention of war, and in accordance with the agreements signed by one of the Parties, the two parties have signed an agreement on cooperation in the field of science and technology for this purpose. A Joint U.S.-Soviet Commission on Scientific and Technical Cooperation is established to identify and establish cooperation programs. (c) commitments made by a Party to its allies or other countries in treaties, conventions and other appropriate documents. Anything discussed and agreed upon in this Agreement shall not affect or limit Article 51 of the Charter of the United Nations, the provisions of the Charter of the United Nations dealing with international peace and security, and other treaties, arrangements and documents previously concluded by either Party with its allies. Among the resulting set of agreements (SALT I), the most important were the Treaty on Ballistic Missile Defence Systems (ABM) and the Interim Agreement and Protocol on the Limitation of Strategic Offensive Weapons. Both were developed by Pres. Richard M.
Nixon for the United States and Leonid Brezhnev, General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, for the USSR signed on 26 May 1972 at a summit in Moscow. Another objective of this agreement is to maintain open relations between the United States, the Soviet Union and their allies. Both parties attach great importance to the Treaty on the Limitation of Anti-Ballistic Systems and the Interim Agreement between them on Certain Measures to Limit Strategic Offensive Weapons. Sixth. The Parties will continue their efforts to limit armaments on both a bilateral and multilateral basis. They will continue to make special efforts to limit strategic armaments. To the extent possible, they will conclude concrete agreements to achieve these objectives. Contrary to the initial Soviet proposal, which Kissinger considered totally unacceptable, the agreed text offered the United States „marginally useful“ precautions, not specifically in the field of preventing nuclear war, but in the special field of Kissinger`s geopolitical realpolitik: according to him, „it would be impossible for the Soviets to turn against NATO or the Middle East, without violating the agreement. And it even gave us a kind of legal framework to resist a Soviet attack on China.  Nevertheless, Kissinger doubts that the deal is worth it.  Both parties regard the quadrilateral agreement of 3 September 1971 on the „western sectors of Berlin“ as a good example of fruitful cooperation between the States concerned, including the United States.
and the USSR, both sides believe that the implementation of this agreement in the near future, as well as other measures, will further improve the European situation and contribute to the necessary trust between states. The United States and the USSR agree that multilateral consultations for a conference on security and cooperation in Europe could begin after the signing of the final quadrilateral protocol to the Agreement of 3 September 1971. Both Governments agree that the Conference must be carefully prepared so that it can address concrete problems of security and cooperation and thus contribute to the gradual reduction of the causes of tensions in Europe. .